The last few years have seen some recovery in new mortgage lending in Ireland, although it has not been strong enough to offset debt repayments, with the result that the outstanding stock of household debt has been falling now for almost seven years. That may be about to change, however, reflecting stronger growth in new lending.
New loans for house purchase have been on an upward trend over recent years, albeit from a very low base, but actually fell by an annual 9% in the first quarter of 2016 , to well under 5,000, no doubt impacted by the Central Bank’s mortgage controls, before returning to growth again in the following months, with the final quarter showing a 12% annual rise, to 7,600. This brought the full year figure to 24,891, or 5.2% above the 2015 total. To put this in context, the cycle low was around 11,000 in 2011, with the cycle high in 2006 at over 110,000.
The average new mortgage for house purchase also rose in 2016, by 6.8% to just under €200,000 , bringing the value of new lending for house purchase to €5bn. First Time Buyers accounted for just over half that total, with most of the remainder down to Movers, as Buy to Let lending is still extermely low, at just €159m. On the non-purchase side,Top-up loans are also around €160m, albeit rising strongly in percentage terms, as is remortgaging, which increased by 80% to over €500m. The latter figure is less than a tenth of the sums recorded at the peak of the boom but the pick up implies a stronger degree of competition in the mortgage market.
In sum, then, total mortgage lending ( including top-ups and remortgaging) amounted to €5.7bn in 2016, or €900m more than the previous year and the strongest reading since 2009. Moreover, the pace of growth is accelerating, with the fourth quarter of 2016 at €1.8bn, a 26% annual increase. We expect this pattern to continue. with new lending set to rise to €7.2bn in 2017, driven by double digit growth in house prices, a rise in new housing supply and greater leverage as a result of the Central Bank’s decison to ease mortgage controls.
New lending on that scale may well be enough to offset ongoing mortgage debt repayments, particularly as the final three months of 2016 showed flat net lending , although the annual change was still negative, at -1.4%. Non-mortgage lending to households has already turned positive again, reflecting PCP funding of new cars, so on a further recovery in new mortgage lending Ireland in 2017 could experience the first growth in net household debt since 2009.